Eczema originates from ekzein, a Greek word that means to boil out. The Greek word zema mean boiling and ek means out. Eczema is used for specific reference to the condition of atopic dermatitis. However it is the most general term used for any superficial inflammatory process which has primary involvement of the epidermis. The condition is marked by itching, redness, weeping, minute papules, crusting and oozing which later leads to scaling and pigmentation in a lot of cases. Food allergy is something to which this condition is often related to. The exact nature of the above relationship is not known and still researchers and doctors are trying to find out whether
Eczema is the reason behind food allergy or is it the other way round. It is a skin condition that is not contagious or one which does not spread by touching but it can have painful symptoms and also cause skin colouring and blister formations. The most common places for the symptoms to occur are the hands, legs, arms and facial areas. This condition can cause itching and scratching even during sleep and make situations very uncomfortable. The more scratching that you do it will lead to unwanted results. This is very common in infants especially children below five years of age; however this condition can also develop among adults and teenagers. Eczema development is more prone among those that have a history of allergic reaction in their family such as hay fever or asthma.
Children who are below five years of age and have developed this condition are recommended to be tested for wheat, soy allergies, milk and egg, if eczema persists after treatment also. Test should also be conducted if there has been a situation of food allergy previously that the child had or a certain food reaction. If any such food is found out through the recommended tests then the allergist can ask you to eliminate those foods from your child’s diet.
An allergist’s guidance can help adults and children to overcome and manage Eczema. People who have been diagnosed with Eczema will recommend medication that has been prescribed which includes typical steroids or/and antihistamine. For cases where the condition is mild, it can be treated using moisturizers and ointments. Harsh cleansers are a big no for those that have Eczema and they should consume a lot of water, wear gloves in the cold weather and avoid all those materials that would cause skin irritation.
Eczema lasts for different duration of time for different people. In most cases it goes into remission and symptoms may disappear altogether for months or even for years. The condition might resurface for some kids when they hit their puberty and some might even experience it during adulthood. This condition is considered to be inherited and thus cannot be prevented. You can prevent the flare-ups by avoiding possible triggers and stay away from all those things that can make the situations worse. It is also recommended to scratch less on the area that itches and once this tendency is curbed you can prevent worse scenarios and will be free of any severe skin damage or secondary infection that might occur.
Apart from the painful and irritating rashes that can make the kids uncomfortable, the emotional impact that it causes on children is the bigger problem that has to be faced later. The best way to help them during this phase is to make a skin care routine for them and teach them to manage stressful situations.